Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya

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    In News 

    • Recently, The Prime Minister of India has paid tributes to Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Ji on his 105th birth anniversary.

                                                                    Image Courtesy: FE

    About Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya

    • Early Life and Education: 
      • Born on September 25, 1916, in the sacred region of Brij in the village of Nagla Chandrabhan in Mathura District. 
      • He lost his parents at an early age and was brought up by his maternal uncle. 
      • He attended high school in Sikar. Being regarded as a brilliant student, the Maharaja of Sikar gave him a gold medal, ?250 for books and a monthly scholarship of ?10.
      • He passed his Intermediate exams with distinction in Pilani and left for Kanpur to pursue his B.A. and joined the Sanatan Dharma College.
    • Philosophy: 
      • He is extensively admired for the philosophy of Integral Humanism which is the official philosophy of the Bharatiya Janata Party. 
    • A profound philosopher, organiser par excellence and a leader who maintained the highest standards of personal integrity.
    • Political Role: 
      •  He joined RSS in 1937 and came under the influence of Shri Nana ji Deshmukh and Shri Bhau Jugade.
      • He convened on September 21, 1951, a political convention of UP and founded the state unit of the new party, Bharatiya Jana Sangh. 
      • He was the leader of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh from 1953 to 1968. 
    • Contributions: 
      • He launched the weekly ‘Panchjanya’ and the daily ‘Swadesh’. 
      • He was a creative writer and a renowned editor. He was a journalist in ‘Rashtra Dharma’ daily, worked as an editor for ‘Panchjanya’ and wrote a column named ‘Political Diary’ for the weekly ‘the Organiser’. 
      • His mantra for journalism was ‘Don’t distort the news’. 
      • He wrote a number of books including Samrat Chandragupt, Jagatguru Shankaracharya, Political Diary, Integral humanism, Ekatmamanav – vad and an analysis of the Five Year plans in India.
    • Pandit Upadhyaya died under mysterious circumstances in February 1968.
    • Tribute:  
      • Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled a 63-feet tall statue of Pandit Upadhyaya while inaugurating the Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Memorial Centre in Padao on the Varanasi-Chandauli border. 
        • The ‘pancha loha’ statue is the tallest statue of the BJP ideologue in India.
    • In 2014, the Ministry of Rural Development relaunched its existing skill development programme- Aajeevika Skills- National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM). However, they renamed the programme Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana- NRLM in November 2015.

    Source: HT