World Pangolin Day

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    In Context

    • World Pangolin Day is celebrated on the third Saturday in February every year

    About

    • It is an international attempt to raise awareness of pangolins and bring together stakeholders to help protect these species from extinction.

    Pangolins:

    • Pangolins are scaly mammals that eat ants, termites and larvae.They are one of the most trafficked mammals in Asia . Pangolins are in high demand in countries like China and Vietnam. Their meat is considered a delicacy and pangolin scales are used in traditional medicine and folk remedies.
    • Out of the eight species of pangolin, the Indian Pangolin and the Chinese Pangolin are found in India.   

    • Habitat:
      • Indian Pangolin is widely distributed in India, except the arid region, high Himalayas and the North-East. The species is also found in Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal and Sri Lanka.
      • Chinese Pangolin is found in the Himalayan foothills in Eastern Nepal, Bhutan, Northern India, North-East Bangladesh and through Southern China.
    • Protection Status:
      • IUCN Red List
        • Indian Pangolin: Endangered
        • Chinese Pangolin: Critically Endangered
      • Both these species are listed under Schedule I, Part I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
      • Appendix I of the International Convention of Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) 

    Source: TH