EC and Party Symbols


    In News

    • The Election Commission of India (ECI) ordered that the Eknath Shinde camp of the Shiv Sena will retain the official name and the ‘bow and arrow symbol of the party.


    • Role of ECI in Alloting Symbols:
      • The Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968 empowers the EC to recognise political parties and allot symbols. 
      • Evolution of Symbol order:
        • Before 1968, the ECI issued notifications and executive orders under the Conduct of Election Rules, 1961.
        • The Election Commission of India (ECI) promulgated Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order in 1968  to deal with the allocation of symbols.
      • Provisions:
        • Symbols order has provisions regarding the registration and recognition of political parties as state and national parties.
        • Under Paragraph 15 of the Order, it can decide disputes among rival groups or sections of a recognised political party staking claim to its name and symbol.
      • As per the guidelines, to get a symbol allotted:
        • A party/candidate has to provide a list of three symbols from the EC’s free symbols list at the time of filing nomination papers.
        • Among them, one symbol is allotted to the party/candidate on a first-come-first-serve basis.
        • When a recognised political party splits, the Election Commission decides on assigning the symbol by evaluating the support enjoyed by a claimant in both  organisational  and legislative wings. within the political party.
        • Where it is not possible to decide which group has a majority, the EC may freeze the party’s symbol and allow the groups to register with new names.

    Source:  TH