5G roll-out in india


    In News 

    • Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that 5G deployment in India will commence sooner than expected. 
    • The implications of the 5G roll-out could be significant, particularly for law enforcement in India.


    About 5G Technology

    • It is the latest upgrade in the Long-Term Evolution (LTE) mobile broadband networks with reduced latency than 4G.
    • It offers an extremely low latency rate, the delay between the sending and receiving information.
    • It mainly works in 3 bands, namely low, mid and high frequency spectrum.


    Global Status of 5G

    • According to a Global Mobile Suppliers Association report, around 70 countries had 5G networks as of June 2022. Investments in the technology have also been made in almost every country in Asia.
    • South Korea is the First country to deploy the 5G network.
    • The Americas and Europe are on the forefront of 5G implementation.



    • Connectivity: It  will allow ultra-fast Internet speeds and seamless connectivity across the country compared to 4G
    • Ensuring security: The 5G roll-out is set to enhance efficiency, productivity, and security by helping the police access critical information in real-time and nab criminals. It will allow rapid communication within the organisation as well as between civilians and emergency responders.
    • Better Performance: It  has high bandwidth and low latency, so its adoption would ensure the best performance of police devices such as body cams, facial recognition technology, automatic number-plate recognition, drones, and CCTVs.
    • Digital transformation: 5G can lead to widespread adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) enabling the digital transformation of industries, enterprises and the socio-economic development of India. 
    • Energy efficiency : 5G places a lot of importance on energy efficiency. This will mean lower energy bills for service providers and longer battery life for mobile devices.


    • Most police systems are outdated and may not be compatible with 5G.
    • Cyber security concerns : 5G is a software-defined digital routing which makes it susceptible to cyber threats such as botnet attacks, man-in-the-middle attacks, and distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) overloads. The bandwidth expansion due to 5G can enable criminals to embezzle data bases easily. 
    • The expenses for setting tower stations are high when compared to other networks. 


    • The government and telecom companies could think of setting up a 5G crime monitoring task force to monitor and identify new crimes and develop countermeasures. 
    • It is imperative to create regulations that make it a crime for people to use 5G technology to commit crimes and law enforcement agencies will have to evolve strategies to identify victims of 5G-facilitated crimes, locate them and take action against the perpetrators of such crimes.
    • The police will need to be trained so that they recognise new 5G-enabled crimes and Training programmes focusing on such crimes must be developed.
    • In this context, the recent recommendation of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India to the government to develop a national road map for India to implement 5G in the best possible manner should encompass law enforcement requirements.
    • It also needs to be ensured that  required infrastructure must be developed .


    Mains Practise question

    [Q] 5G is an emerging technology that hasn’t really been defined yet. Comment.