Mangarh Dham

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    In Context

    • The Prime Minister will pay tribute to the unsung heroes of the Bhil tribal community, during his visit to the Mangarh Dham in Rajasthan’s Banswara district.

    About

    • Mangarh Dham is known for the massacre of tribals by the British Indian Army in 1913.
    • It is located in the district on the Gujarat-Rajasthan border, a region with a large tribal population.
    • Social reformer Govind Guru led the gathering of tribals and forest dwellers in 1913 in Mangarh against the British Raj.

    About Bhil Tribe

    • The word Bhil is derived from “Veel”, which means “bow” in the Dravidian language.
    • The Bhil tribe is called “Dhanush Purush of India” because they are highly adept at learning Dhanush.
    • Bhils are a group of tribal Indians scattered throughout India from Gujarat in the west to Tripura in the Far East.
    • As of 2013, they were the largest tribal group in India with the majority living in the states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh.
    • Bhils have a rich and unique culture. The Bhilala subdivision is known for its Pithora painting.
    • Ghoomar is a traditional folk dance of the Bhil tribe.
    • Ghoomar is the symbol of femininity.
    • The young women take art in this dance and declare that they are stepping into women’s shoes.

    Source:TH