Munich Security Conference

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    In News

    • The latest edition of Munich Security Conference assumed significance as it was here that the Ukrainian President appealed for help ahead of the Russian invasion.

    Background

    • The security conference set up by an anti-Hitler German has come a long way over the last six decades.
    • Munich gained a grim reputation during the 1973 Olympics when the Israeli team was taken hostage by the Palestinian Black September group.
    • MSC is often remembered as the venue where the Russian President made his famous 2007 speech when he elaborated on the post-Cold War Russian security concerns and publicly opposed the expanding footprint of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and placing of nuclear-tipped missiles in Eastern Europe.

    About MSC

    • The Munich Security Conference:
      • It is the world’s leading forum for debating international security policy.
      • It is a venue for diplomatic initiatives to address the world’s most pressing security concerns.
      • It is held annually.  
    • Objectives:
      • The MSC’s objective is to build trust and to contribute to the peaceful resolution of conflicts by sustaining a continuous, curated and informal dialogue within the international security community.
      • The primary objective of the MSC was to make sense of international affairs in an age when weapons of mass destruction had become part of the game.
      • The MSC is the world’s leading forum for debating international security policy.
      • The MSC conceives of its conferences as a type of “marketplace of ideas” where initiatives and solutions are developed and opinions are exchanged.
      • It provides a venue for official and non-official diplomatic initiatives and ideas to address the world’s most pressing security concerns.
      • In addition to its annual flagship conference, the MSC regularly convenes high-profile events on particular topics and regions and publishes the Munich Security Report.
    • Audience:
      • Senior decision-makers as well as thought-leaders from around the world, including heads of state, ministers, leading personalities of international and non-governmental organizations, high-ranking representatives of industry, media, academia, and civil society, come to engage in an intensive debate.

    Significance of the Conference

    • The MSC strives to increase its geographic diversity and reach to include all relevant stakeholders.
    • The MSC does not only include the most urgent security challenges in its programs, but also draws attention to issues that might not yet be on the top of the security community’s agenda.
    • The Munich Security Conference embraces a comprehensive definition of security, which encompasses not only traditional national or military security, but also takes into account among others the economic, environmental and human dimensions of security.
    • Over its sixty years of existence, the MSC would address the threats like terrorism, religious fanaticism, cyber warfare, electronic intelligence and emerge as the ultimate platform for policy makers to exchange ideas in a friendly atmosphere.
    • From an exclusive meeting of security experts and specialists, MSC emerged as a top destination of world leaders in the post-Cold War era.
    • The latest edition of the MSC also highlighted the complexities of the new powers like India and China.
    • It transited from transatlantic conference to a worldwide dialogue, where new groupings like Indo-Pacific and Quad are being discussed.

    Source: TH