Exercise Samudra Shakti


    In News

    • The Indian Navy and the Indonesian Navy are taking part in a bilateral maritime exercise, known as ‘Samudra Shakti’.

    Key Points

    • About:
      • The two-day exercise is being held near to Sunda Strait.
        • A strait is a naturally formed, narrow, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water. Most commonly it is a channel of water that lies between two landmasses.
      • It was started in 2018, as a bilateral exercise under India’s “Act East Policy”.
    • Objective:
    • To strengthen the bilateral relationship,
    • To enhance mutual understanding 
    • Bolstering interoperability in maritime operations between the two navies in the Indo-Pacific region.
    • Tasks on hand:
      • It will include complex maritime operations, such as air defence serials, weapon firings, cross deck landings, military interdiction operations, replenishment approaches, and tactical manoeuvres.

    Importance of Sunda Strait

    • It links the Java Sea (Pacific Ocean) with the Indian Ocean (south). 
    • Sunda Strait, Indonesian Selat Sunda, is a channel, 26–110 km wide, between the islands of Java and Sumatra. 
    • The Sunda Strait is an important passage connecting the Indian Ocean with eastern Asia.
    • Deterrents:
    • It is notoriously difficult to navigate because of this shallowness, very strong tidal currents, sandbanks, and man-made obstructions such as oil platforms off the Java coast.

    Image Courtesy: Sea-seek

    Source: PIB