American Bully XL Dogs

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    Syllabus: GS 3/Species in news 

    In News

    • UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak said American bully XL dogs would be banned by the end of the year after a series of serious attacks, in some cases fatal, in recent years.
    • Bully XL will be the first breed to be put on the prohibited list under the UK’s Dangerous Dogs Act since the law was implemented in 1991. The Act is applicable in England, Wales and Scotland.

    About the American Bully XL

    • It has a heavy bone structure and a stocky, muscular body. 
      • Fully grown adult males can weigh more than 57 kg and grow to 53cm in height.
    • It is the largest of four types of American Bully: standard, pocket, classic and XL. 
    • It is believed to be developed in the 1990s and bred from a number of breeds including the American pit bull terrier, which was banned in the UK in 1991.

    Other Dog Breeds Banned in the UK

    • When the Dangerous Dogs Act, which prohibits any dog that is “dangerously out of control”, was introduced, four breeds were banned.
      • They were pit bull terriers, Japanese tosa, dogo Argentinos, and fila Brasileiro dogs.

    The Situation in India

    • There is no law in India that explicitly bans a breed.
    • However, in 2022, the Municipal Corporation of Gurugram (MCG) ordered a ban on pet dogs of 11 foreign breeds.
      • These were American pit bull terriers, dogo Argentino, rottweiler, Neapolitan mastiff, boerboel, presa canario, wolf dog, bandog, American bulldog, fila Brasileiro and cane corso.
    • The Ghaziabad Municipal Corporation also approved a proposal banning the domestication of three breeds of dogs – pit bull, rottweiler, and dogo Argentino.

    Source: IE