Interconnection Regulations of TRAI


    Syllabus: GS2/Government Policies and Interventions


    • Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) releases Telecommunication (Broadcasting and Cable) Services Interconnection (Addressable Systems) (Fifth Amendment) Regulations, 2023 [hereinafter referred to as Interconnection Regulations].


    • TRAI amended the Interconnection Regulations to protect the interests of service providers and consumers.

    Features of the amendments:

    • A new Schedule X has been prescribed for Digital Rights Management (DRM) System Requirements, that includes:
      • Subscriber Management Systems (SMS) for Internet Protocol Television (IPTV) services;
      • Conditional access by subscribers and encryption for IPTV services;
      • Fingerprinting for IPTV services; and,
      • To STBs/unique consumer subscription.

    What is Digital Rights Management (DRM)?

    • DRM is a systematic approach to copyright protection for digital media available in Cyberspace to prevent unauthorised redistribution of digital media.
    • It includes all the technical systems designed to facilitate the management of rights in respect of digital content.

    Legality of DRM:

    • Legal support for DRM systems is to be found in the WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT) of 1996.
      • The WIPO Internet Treaties are designed to update and supplement the Berne Convention and the Rome Convention.
    The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI):
    – It was established in 1997 by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, 1997, an Act of Parliament.

    – It aims to regulate telecom services, including fixation/revision of tariffs for telecom services which were earlier vested in the Central Government.
    – It provides a fair and transparent policy environment which promotes a level playing field and facilitates fair competition.

    Telecommunications Dispute Settlement and Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT):
    – It was established in 2000 by amending the TRAI Act, to take over the adjudicatory and disputes functions from TRAI.
    – It adjudicates any dispute between a licensor and a licensee, between two or more service providers, between a service provider and a group of consumers, and to hear and dispose of appeals against any direction, decision or order of TRAI.

    Source: PIB