VSHORAD missile system


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    The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) accorded Acceptance of Necessity (AoN) to procure the Very Short Range Air Defence System or VSHORAD (IR Homing) missile system.

    VSHORAD missile system

    • It is designed and developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), among other weapon systems for the Army and Navy at a total cost of Rs 4,276 crore.
      • India has been in talks with Russia since 2018 to procure the Igla-S air defence missiles at a cost of $1.5 billion under the VSHORAD programme in a bid to replace the Russian Igla-M systems which have been in use with the Army.
    • Specifications: Meant to kill low-altitude aerial threats at short ranges, 
      • It is a man-portable Air Defence System (MANPAD) .
      • VSHORADS missile incorporates many novel technologies including a miniaturized Reaction Control System (RCS) and integrated avionics, which have been successfully proven during the tests. 
      • The missile, meant for neutralizing low-altitude aerial threats at short ranges is propelled by a dual-thrust solid motor. 
      • The design of the missile including the launcher has been highly optimized to ensure easy portability.
    • Relevance for India:  being man-portable and lightweight compared to the other missile systems in the Army’s armoury, it can be deployed in the mountains close to the LAC at a short notice.
      • When inducted, they will be a critical air defence missile for the forces, even for an all-equipped infantry unit, and will be the best option for mountain warfare.
      • the procurement of VSHORAD, as a robust and quickly deployable system, will strengthen India’s air defence capabilities
    • Expected to be inducted: The AoN is the first step in the long capital procurement process in defence. 
      • defence officials estimate the missile systems can be delivered to the forces in another three to four years with industry support if the orders are placed on time.