Indira Gandhi Urban Employment Scheme

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    • Recently, the Rajasthan Chief Minister launched a scheme on the lines of the MGNREGA to provide 100 days of employment to families in urban areas.

    About Indira Gandhi Urban Employment Scheme

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    • Aim
      • Providing economic support to the poor and needy families living in the cities through work to be provided on demand for 100 days in a year.
    • Sectors covered
      • Projects on environment protection, water conservation, heritage conservation, maintenance of gardens, removal of encroachment, illegal sign boards, hoardings and banners, and sanitation will be undertaken.
    • Eligibility
      • People in the 18 to 60 age group are eligible for the scheme under which at least 50 people in each ward of urban local bodies will be given employment.
    • Registration
      • A Janaadhar card or its registration slip is required. 
      • Registrations can be done at e-Mitra centres.
    • Budgetary allocation
      • The government has allocated Rs 800 crore for the scheme. 

    Significance of the scheme 

    • Countering Inflation: any family that wants to increase their income at a time of high inflation could seek jobs under it.
    • Standard of living: this will also improve the standard of living of the people. 
    • COVID: when the employment crisis increased during the coronavirus pandemic, the MGNREGA proved to be a boon.
    • Employment: Rajasthan Government said that nearly 40,000 people got the work on the first day.

    Other initiatives by the Rajasthan Government 

    • Chiranjeevi Health Insurance Scheme
      • The state government has made treatment free under the Chiranjeevi scheme so that the poor do not need to sell their belongings to get treatment.
    • Smartphone distribution
      • Government will give smartphones with three years of free internet connection to 1.35 crore women.
    • Mahatma Gandhi English Medium schools
      • To provide education to children in English medium.
    • Sanitary napkins
      • There is also a scheme to distribute free sanitary napkins to women.
    • Kucchi bastis
      • Government also talked about the problems faced by people living in slums and said the state government will regularise kucchi bastis. 

    Concept of Welfare State in the Indian Constitution

    • Meaning
      • A welfare state is a concept of government where the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the economic and social well-being of its citizens.
      • It is based on the principles of equality of opportunity, equitable distribution of wealth, and public responsibility for those unable to avail themselves of the minimal provisions for a good life.
    • The Directive Principles of State Policy
      • That the citizens, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means to livelihood;
      • That the ownership and control of the material resources of the community are so distributed as best to sub serve the common good;
      • That the operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment.
      • That there is equal pay for equal work for both men and women;
      • That the health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of children are not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited by their age or strength; and
      • Those children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity and childhood and youth are protected against exploitation and against moral abandonment.
    • Economic and Social Right
      • Right to adequate means of livelihood: article 39(a)
      • Right against economic exploitation: article 39(b)
      • Right of both sexes to equal pay for equal work: article 39 (d)
      • Right to leisure and rest: article 43
      • Right to public assistance in case of unemployment, old age or sickness: article 42
      • Right to education: article 41
      • Right to just and humane conditions of work: article 42
      • Right to maternity relief: article 42
      • Right to compulsory and free education of children: article 45.

    Source:TH