Oromo Rebels

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    In News

    • Ethiopia rebels ‘join forces’ against govt. The two largest rebel groups fighting Ethiopia’s government have “linked up” on a front line about 230 miles north of the capital.

    About the war

    • Ethiopia: is now at crossroads with two forces, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) and the Oromo Liberation Army (OLA) waging an endless war with the federal government led by Abiy Ahmed.
    • Tigray region: The war has escalated especially out of the Tigray region and is now becoming a national concern.
    • Tigray People’s Liberation Front: The TPLF was formed as a guerrilla army to fight against Ethiopia’s former communist regime.
      • After emerging victorious, it consolidated power and controlled the country for nearly three decades, often brutally suppressing dissent.
    • Terrorist organizations: Both the TPLF and OLA were designated terrorist organizations by the government soon after the war began.

    Oromo people

    • Ethnic group: The Oromo people are an ethnic group who predominantly inhabit Oromia and Ethiopia, along with communities in neighboring Kenya and Somalia.
      • They are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia and the wider Horn of Africa.
    • Colonised by Abyssinia: The Oromo remained independent until the last decade of the 19th century, when they were colonised by Abyssinia.

    Oromo conflict

    • Armed conflict: The Oromo conflict is an armed conflict between the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) and the Ethiopian government.
    • Oromia state: The Oromo Liberation Front was formed to fight the Ethiopian Empire to liberate the Oromo people and establish an independent Oromia state.
    • The conflict: began in 1973, when Oromo nationalists established the OLF and its armed wing, the Oromo Liberation Army (OLA).
    • Haile Selassie regime: Under the Haile Selassie regime, the Oromo language was banned from use in education and in administrative matters.

    Conflicted region through map

    The Oromo Liberation Front

    • Oromo Liberation Front: It is an Ethiopian political party established in 1973 by Oromo nationalists to promote self-determination for the Oromo people inhabiting today’s Oromia Region and Oromia Zone in Amhara Region territory.
    • Tigray War: In 2021 during the Tigray War, a division of the ENDF and EDF left Tigray Region and arrived in Oromia Region to fight against the OLA, according to Freedom Friday.

    Source: TH