Senna spectabilis(An invasive species)

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    In News 

    Senna spectabilis has taken over between 800 and 1,200 hectares of the buffer zones of the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR) in the picturesque Nilgiris hill district.

    About 

    • It is  an exotic tree and it was introduced as an ornamental species and for use as firewood from South and Central America.
    • It has become highly invasive in the Sigur plateau in both the core and buffer zones of the MTR.
      • Over the last few years, its bright yellow flowers have become more visible across the Tiger Reserve, with conservationists stating that the invasive weed has a negative effect on local biodiversity, crowding out native species and limiting food availability for wildlife.

    Steps

    • The Forest Department is coming up with a comprehensive strategy to deal with the spread of the invasive species, which continues to spread rapidly in the buffer zone.

    Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR

    • It is located in the Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu state, at the tri-junction of three states, viz, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
    • Flora :A variety of habitats ranging from tropical evergreen forest, moist deciduous forest, moist teak forest, dry teak forest, secondary grasslands and swamps are found here.
    • Fauna : It is rich in wildlife, like Elephants, Gaur, Tiger, Panther, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Porcupine etc., birds like-minivets, hornbill, fairy BlueBirds, Jungle Fowls etc., and reptiles like python, Monitor Lizards Flying Lizards etc.

    Source:TH