Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) Programme

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    In News

    • As per the Economic Survey 2021-2022, the ethanol supply in the country to enable blending with petrol is likely to reach 302 crore litres by the end of Ethanol Supply Year (ESY) 2020-2021.

    About

    • The government has been promoting the use of ethanol as a blend stock with main automotive fuel like petrol in line with the National Policy on Biofuels (NBP) -2018 under the Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) Programme.
    • India advances the target for 20% ethanol blending in petrol (E20) to 2025 from 2030. The ethanol blending target for ESY 2021-22 is 10%.

    What is Ethanol?

    • An organic chemical compound produced from biomass (mainly from sugarcane in India).
    • Since ethanol is produced from plants that harness the power of the sun, ethanol is also considered a renewable fuel.
    • High oxygen content allows engines to combust fuel more effectively.

    Benefits & Significance

    • Improves energy security & self-sufficiency measures.
    • Reduce the country’s crude oil import bill.
    • Helps decrease emissions & creates rural & urban employment opportunities.
    • Strategically important as goes well with government initiatives like Make in India, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Skill Development, etc.
    • Offers great opportunity to integrate with targets of doubling farmers income, import reduction & waste to wealth creation.

    Challenges

    • Manufacturing efficient vehicles & time consuming regulatory clearances.
    • Unregulated emissions of carbonyl emissions & no reduction in NOx.
    • Expensive due to higher evaporative emissions from fuel tanks & dispensing equipment.
    • Availability of sufficient feedstock & restrictions on inter-state movement of ethanol.

    Related Indian Initiatives

    • Pradhan Mantri Jaiv Indhan-Vatavaran Anukool fasal awashesh Nivaran (JI-VAN) Yojana
    • Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources (GOBAR)-DHAN Scheme
    • National Policy on Biofuels 2018
    • Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) Programme
    • Repurpose Used Cooking Oil (RUCO)

    Suggestions

    • Address non-availability of domestic feedstock.
    • Companies need better storage, handling, blending & dispensing infrastructure.
    • Formulate a single-window clearances system to accord speedy approvals.
    • Emissions change monitoring & assessment to enhance emission reduction potential.

    Source: TH