Headlines of the day 25-05-2023





    Key points to know

    Global agency affiliated to UN rights body defers NHRC accreditation


    Indian express

    Page 18




    Sub Committee on Accreditation (SCA) to the Global Alliance for National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)

    Implications of deferred re-accreditation of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)

    About NHRC

    About UN Human Rights Council

    ‘Sengol’ to be installed in the new parliament: Significance of the sceptre, first given to Nehru

    Indian express, Page 20




    What is Sengol?

    History of Sengol

    Chola dynasty in Tamil Nadu

    Forum for India–Pacific Islands Cooperation (FIPIC)


    Indian express, Page 20




    Outcomes of 3rd FIPIC Summit in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.

    Membership of FIPIC

    History of FIPIC

    Significance for India

    Narco And Polygraph Tests


    Indian express, Page 20




    What is narcoanalysis test?

    What is Polygraph test?

    Supreme court verdict in ‘Selvi & Ors vs State of Karnataka & Anr’ (2010)

    Right against self-incrimination under Article 20(3) of the Constitution

    A ‘middle kingdom’ dawns on India’s west


    The Hindu,

    Page 6




    ·       Key Facts Of Arab League

    ·       Jeddah Declaration

    ·       Readmission of Syria

    ·       Saudi Arabia’s Interests

    ·       India’s Interests

    On copyright infringement and AI


    The Hindu Page 8


    Economy, S&T


    ·       Recent decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts Inc. versus Goldsmith et al.

    ·       To what extent does copyright law protect artists?

    ·       What is exempt from infringement liability?

    ·       How does this affect generative AI tools, such as ChatGPT4, MidJourney, and Stable Diffusion.

    ·       Indian Scenario

    Independence of judiciary is part of basic structure of Constitution: SC


    The Hindu Page 10


    Economy, S&T


    ·       The Supreme Court has held that the independence of district judiciary is part of the basic structure of the Constitution.

    ·       Background of Basic Structure Doctrine, recent debate

    India set to triple speed of its fastest supercomputers


    The Hindu

    Page 12



    Economy, S&T


    ·       India will install 18-petaflop system this year to be imported from France

    ·       Flops (floating point operations per second) are an indicator of processing speed of computers and a petaflop refers to a 1,000 trillion flops.

    ·       The fastest system in the world is Frontier-Cray system at Oakridge National Laboratory, United States.

    ·       India’s fastest computers: Pratyush and Mihir

    Ministry of Civil Aviation launches UDAN 5.1, specifically designed for helicopter routes

    Press Information Bureau (PIB)





    ·       Ministry of Civil Aviation has launched UDAN 5.1 to enhance connectivity to remote areas through helicopters.

    ·       What is Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS) – Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik (UDAN)?