Headlines of the day 25-05-2023

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    Global agency affiliated to UN rights body defers NHRC accreditation

     

    Indian express

    Page 18

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    Governance

     

    Sub Committee on Accreditation (SCA) to the Global Alliance for National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)

    Implications of deferred re-accreditation of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)

    About NHRC

    About UN Human Rights Council

    ‘Sengol’ to be installed in the new parliament: Significance of the sceptre, first given to Nehru

    Indian express, Page 20

     

    GS-1/

    History

    What is Sengol?

    History of Sengol

    Chola dynasty in Tamil Nadu

    Forum for India–Pacific Islands Cooperation (FIPIC)

     

    Indian express, Page 20

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    IR

     

    Outcomes of 3rd FIPIC Summit in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.

    Membership of FIPIC

    History of FIPIC

    Significance for India

    Narco And Polygraph Tests

     

    Indian express, Page 20

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    Polity

     

    What is narcoanalysis test?

    What is Polygraph test?

    Supreme court verdict in ‘Selvi & Ors vs State of Karnataka & Anr’ (2010)

    Right against self-incrimination under Article 20(3) of the Constitution

    A ‘middle kingdom’ dawns on India’s west

     

    The Hindu,

    Page 6

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    International

     

    ·       Key Facts Of Arab League

    ·       Jeddah Declaration

    ·       Readmission of Syria

    ·       Saudi Arabia’s Interests

    ·       India’s Interests

    On copyright infringement and AI

     

    The Hindu Page 8

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    Economy, S&T

     

    ·       Recent decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts Inc. versus Goldsmith et al.

    ·       To what extent does copyright law protect artists?

    ·       What is exempt from infringement liability?

    ·       How does this affect generative AI tools, such as ChatGPT4, MidJourney, and Stable Diffusion.

    ·       Indian Scenario

    Independence of judiciary is part of basic structure of Constitution: SC

     

    The Hindu Page 10

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    Economy, S&T

     

    ·       The Supreme Court has held that the independence of district judiciary is part of the basic structure of the Constitution.

    ·       Background of Basic Structure Doctrine, recent debate

    India set to triple speed of its fastest supercomputers

     

    The Hindu

    Page 12

     

    GS-3/

    Economy, S&T

     

    ·       India will install 18-petaflop system this year to be imported from France

    ·       Flops (floating point operations per second) are an indicator of processing speed of computers and a petaflop refers to a 1,000 trillion flops.

    ·       The fastest system in the world is Frontier-Cray system at Oakridge National Laboratory, United States.

    ·       India’s fastest computers: Pratyush and Mihir

    Ministry of Civil Aviation launches UDAN 5.1, specifically designed for helicopter routes

    Press Information Bureau (PIB)

     

    GS-3/

    Economy

     

    ·       Ministry of Civil Aviation has launched UDAN 5.1 to enhance connectivity to remote areas through helicopters.

    ·       What is Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS) – Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik (UDAN)?