India Enterprise Architecture (IndEA) 2.0.

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    In News, 

    • The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has proposed a new model of “Federated Digital Identities” under the India Enterprise Architecture (IndEA) 2.0.

    India Enterprise Architecture (IndEA)

    • It was first proposed and designed in 2017 “with a view to enabling alignment of the IT developments with the business vision of government organisations.
    • IndEA provides a generic framework, (based on The Open Group Architecture Framework -TOGAF) consisting of a set of architectural reference models, which can be converted into a Whole-of-Government Architecture for India, Ministries, States, Govt. Agencies etc. 
    • The IndEA framework is based on a federated architecture approach and recognizes the need to accommodate both greenfield (new) and brownfield (existing / legacy) eGovernance initiatives.
    • Aims:
      • Documenting and sharing explicit and implicit architecture best practices
      • Providing guidance in the development of enterprise architectures
      • Capturing key elements of architecture and inter-relationships between them
      • Providing the means for architecture governance by enabling an audit process
      • Enabling adoption of standards-based on common understanding

    Objectives and need of  InDEA 2.0

    • The boundaries between functions, jurisdictions and public-private organizations are getting blurred due to increasing interdependencies and the need was felt for citizen-centric approaches to designing digital services, as opposed to organization-centric approaches
    • More rational planning of IT investments, cost savings due to reusable and interoperable systems, and better architectures designed faster.
    • To the citizens, it means a more holistic and seamless experience across organizations. And to the industry, it holds out the immense promise of innovation.
    • The InDEA 2.0 framework is useful to the policymakers in the government, and architects and system designers in the public and private sector. 

    About InDEA 2.0 

    • InDEA 2.0 proposes a model of Federated Digital Identities that seeks to optimize the number of digital identities that a citizen needs to have. 
      • Under the new model,a citizen’s multiple digital IDs — from PAN and Aadhaar to driving licence and passport numbers — can be interlinked, stored, and accessed via one unique ID.
        • Citizens can use the digital ID “for availing other third-party services through authentication and consented eKYC”.
      • It would also serve as a key to a registry where all different state and Central identities could be stored. 
    • It enables Governments and private sector enterprises to design IT architectures that can span beyond their organizational boundaries and enable the delivery of holistic and integrated services to the customers. 
    • It consists of a set of principles and architectural patterns that inform, guide, and enable the development of large digital systems, with a focus on the public sector
    • It promotes the evolution of digital ecosystems.

    Significance 

    • It would eliminate the need for a repeated verification process.The model empowers the citizen by putting her in control of these identities and providing her with the option of choosing which one to use for what purpose.
    • It enables establishing such a right balance in all the ongoing architectural initiatives and accelerates the realization of the vision of Digital India.

    Criticisms

    • Critics may raise issues with digital security, and an umbrella identity could pose more risks towards exposing critical data.

    Source: IE