‘Operation Garuda’


    In News 

    The Central Bureau of Investigation has launched a multi-phase ‘Operation Garuda’ against illicit drug trafficking network, registering 127 new cases, arresting 175 people and seizing huge quantities of narcotic drugs.

    About  ‘Operation Garuda’ 

    • It was initiated in close coordination with Interpol and Narcotics Control Bureau, for combating the smuggling of illicit drugs and psychotropic substances, with special focus on the Indian Ocean region
      • Drug trafficking networks with international linkages require law enforcement cooperation across international jurisdiction.
    • Objectives :It seeks to disrupt, degrade and dismantle drug networks with international linkages through rapid exchange of criminal intelligence on drug trafficking and coordinated law enforcement actions across international jurisdiction through Interpol.

    What is Drug trafficking?

    •  It is a global illicit trade involving the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of substances which are subject to drug prohibition laws

    Vulnerability of India 

    • India is vulnerable to narcotic drug trafficking as it is located between two largest Opium producing regions of the world i.e.
      • Golden Crescent in the west and Golden Triangle in the east.
      • The Golden Crescent region of South Asia comprises Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan.
      •  The Golden Triangle is the area where the borders of Thailand, Laos and Myanmar meet at the confluence of the Ruak and Mekong rivers.
        • These two areas are known as the major opium production regions of the world.
    • According to The World Drug Report 2022: India has the most number of opiate users in the world and  The trend is expected to rise with an increase in trafficking.