Samudrayaan Mission

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    • Recently,  India’s first manned ocean mission, Samudrayan was launched.

    Samudrayaan Mission

    • A part of the Deep Ocean Mission
    • Announced by: the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) in tandem with ISRO’s Gaganyaan mission.
    • Aim: To develop a self-propelled manned submersible to carry 3 human beings to a water depth of 6000 meters in the ocean with a suite of scientific sensors and tools for deep ocean exploration. 
    • It will send them in a manned submersible vehicle called MATSYA 6000 for deep underwater studies.
    • Constructed by: the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) and the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES).
    • Timeline: 5 years for the period 2020-2021 to 2025-2026.
    • India joined the elite group of countries that have specialist technology and vehicles to conduct subsea missions, including the United States, Russia, France, Japan, and China.
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    Deep Ocean Mission

    • By the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) 
    • It seeks to investigate the deep ocean for resources, develop deep-sea technology for long-term ocean resource management, and support the Indian government’s Blue Economy Initiatives.

    Significance

    • Deep-ocean exploration for resources: MATSYA 6000 will help the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) conduct deep-ocean exploration for resources such as gas hydrates, and polymetallic manganese nodules, hydro-thermal sulphides, and cobalt crusts, which are found at depths of 1000 to 5500 metres. 
    • High Endurance: The submersible was designed with 12-hour operational endurance and emergency endurance systems that can last up to 96 hours. It can crawl for 72 hours on the seabed at a depth of 6 km. 
    • Growth Opportunities: The Mission will open up greater opportunities for growth in the areas of clean energy, drinking water, and the blue economy.

    Source: PIB