National Science Day


    In News

    • National Science Day is celebrated in India every year on the 28th of February to commemorate the discovery of the Raman Effect by Indian Physicist Sir C V Raman.
      • This day was designated by the Government of India in 1986. This year the theme is Global Science for Global Wellbeing. 

    C V Raman

    • Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (1888 – 1970) was an Indian physicist known for his work in the field of light scattering. 
    • He founded the Indian Journal of Physics in 1926. 
    • He became the first Indian director of the Indian Institute of Science in 1933.
    • He founded the Indian Academy of Sciences in 1933. 
    • He established the Raman Research Institute in 1948.
    • In 1954, the Government of India honoured him with the first Bharat Ratna.

    Raman effect

    • Using a spectrograph that he developed, he discovered that when light traverses a transparent material, the deflected light changes its wavelength and frequency. This phenomenon was subsequently termed the Raman effect or Raman scattering. 
    • Raman received the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery and was the first Asian to receive a Nobel Prize in any branch of science.
    • The Raman effect was discovered on 28 February 1928. The day is celebrated annually by the Government of India as National Science Day.

    Importance of Discovery

    • The character of the scattered radiations enables us to obtain an insight into the ultimate structure of the scattering substance.
    • The discovery would also find its use in chemistry, giving birth to a new field known as Raman spectroscopy as a basic analytical tool to conduct. nondestructive chemical analysis for both organic and inorganic compounds. 
    • Today, this method has a wide variety of applications, from studying art and other objects of cultural importance in a non-invasive fashion to finding drugs hidden inside luggage at customs.

    Source: IE