Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) 2021

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    • Transparency International has ranked India at 85 among 180 countries in its Corruption Perception Index report released recently.

    Key Findings

    • World: 
      • Overall, two-thirds of the 168 countries on the 2015 index scored below 50, on a scale from 0 (perceived to be highly corrupt) to 100 (perceived to be very clean).
      • Denmark took the top spot for the 2nd year running.
      • North Korea and Somalia turned out to be the worst performers, scoring just 8 points each.
      • Among those with weak scores are some of the world’s most populous countries such as:
        • China (45) and 
        • India (40), and 
        • Indonesia (38), 
        • Pakistan (28) and 
        • Bangladesh (26)
      • In the Asia Pacific area, the common rating stays 45 for the third 12 months in a row. Over 70% of the area’s nations rank beneath 50. 
      • Pandemic: 
        • The pandemic, supplied an excuse for Bangladesh, Pakistan and Singapore governments to “tighten control and weaken accountability.
    • India:
      • In 2021, India ranked 86th with the same CPI score of 40. This year, it has improved one position, 85th.
      • Issues:
        • Stagnant score:
          • While the country’s score has remained stagnant over the past decade, some of the mechanisms that could help reign in corruption are weakening. 
        • Democracy:
          • There are concerns over the country’s democratic status, as fundamental freedoms and institutional checks and balances decay
        • Risk to journalists:
          • The report highlighted concerns over the risk to journalists and activists who have been victims of attacks by the police, political militants, criminal gangs and corrupt local officials.
        • Right to Speak:
          • Civil society organisations that speak up against the government have been targeted with security, defamation, sedition, hate speech and contempt-of-court charges, and with regulations on foreign funding

    Image Courtesy: TI

    Corruption Perception Index (CPI)

    • It is prepared by Transparency International.
    • The index covered perceptions of public sector corruption in 168 countries.
    • It ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption according to experts and business people, using a scale of 0 to 100, where 0 is highly corrupt and 100 is very clean.
    • It is a composite index that draws from 12 surveys to rank nations around the globe.

    Image Courtesy: TI 

     

    Transparency International

    • About: 
      • Transparency International is a global movement working in over 100 countries to end the injustice of corruption.
      • It is an international non -governmental organisation founded in 1993 based in Berlin, Germany
    • Focus:
      • The focus is on issues with the greatest impact on people’s lives and hold the powerful to account for the common good. 
    • Way of working:
      • Through advocacy, campaigning and research, work is done to expose the systems and networks that enable corruption to thrive, demanding greater transparency and integrity in all areas of public life.
    • Mission:
      • To stop corruption and promote transparency, accountability and integrity at all levels and across all sectors of society.
    • Definition of Corruption:
      • Corruption as the abuse of entrusted power for private gain.
      • Corruption erodes trust, weakens democracy, hampers economic development and further exacerbates inequality, poverty, social division and the environmental crisis.
      • Exposing corruption and holding the corrupt to account can only happen if we understand the way corruption works and the systems that enable it.

    Sources: ET + IE