Good Governance Day

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    • Every year December 25 is celebrated as Good Governance Day as it marks the birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

    Good Governance Day

    • In 2014, the government announced that December 25 would be celebrated as Good Governance Day.
    • Purpose:
      • To increase public access to various government programmes and services via good governance.
      • The day is celebrated to  make sure that the country’s residents are treated fairly by the government, and they receive the advantages of various government services. 
    • Slogan: “Good Governance through e-Governance.”  
    • In 2019,the government launched the Good Governance Index on this occasion.
      • The GGI is a scientifically prepared tool based on various parameters of good governance which assess the level of any state at a given point of time and help in shaping future development.

    Good Governance Index

    • Body: The Department of Administration Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG) launched the Good Governance Index (GGI).
    • Meaning: It is a comprehensive and implementable framework to assess the State of Governance across the States and UTs which enables ranking of States/Districts.
    • Objectives: 
      • The objective of GGI is to create a tool which can be used uniformly across the States to assess impact of various interventions taken up by the Central and State Governments including UTs. 
      • Based on the GGI Framework, the Index provides a comparative picture among the States while developing a competitive spirit for improvement.
    • Sectors covered:
      • Agriculture and Allied Sectors
      • Commerce & Industries
      • Human Resource Development
      • Public Health
      • Public Infrastructure & Utilities
      • Economic Governance
      • Social Welfare & Development
      • Judicial & Public Security
      • Environment
      • Citizen-Centric Governance.

    What is Governance?

    • The concept of “governance” is not new. It is as old as human civilization. 
    • It is the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented). 
      • Governance can be used in several contexts such as corporate governance, international governance, national governance and local governance.

    What is Good Governance?

    • It assures that corruption is minimized, the views of minorities are taken into account and the voices of the most vulnerable in society are heard in decision-making
    • It is participatory, consensus, oriented, accountable, transparent, responsive, effective and efficient, equitable and inclusive and follows the rule of law.
    • It is also responsive to the present and future needs of society.

     

    Challenges in Good Governance

    • Criminalization of Politics
    •  Corruption
    •  Gender Disparity
    • Delay in Justice
    • Low levels of Awareness of the Rights and Duties of Citizens etc.

    Recent Government initiatives for Good Governance

    • Revamped e-HRMS 2.0 Portal:
      • It will provide the following services in a digital mode to the employees:
        • Transfers (Rotation/Mutual), Deputation, APAR, IPR, iGOT Training, Vigilance Status, Deputation Opportunities, Service Book and other basic HR Services like Leave, Tour, Reimbursements etc.
      • The revamped e-HRMS 2.0 is the first digital system in Govt. of India to provide end-to-end HR Services
      • Presently, no other Government Service Cadre System in India is as advanced in its reach and applications, as the revamped e-HRMS 2.0. 
      • With the launch of this system, DoP&T will be moving towards total digitization of HR Services. 
      • It will save several thousand man-hours and tons of printing paper.
      • This will also go a long way in improving employee satisfaction, promoting ease of doing/processing HR work and enhancing productivity and transparency in administrative functioning.
    • iGoTKarmayogi Portal:
      • Launch of Mobile Application of iGoTKarmayogi Portal by Karmayogi Bharat (SPV) will aim at creating professional, well-trained and future-ready civil service for India.
    • Revamped Probity Portal for Government Employees will demand the right attitude towards public service with ‘integrity’ and ‘probity’.
    • The compilation of 78 Master Circulars is expected to promote ease and convenience and help the user Departments expeditiously dispose of their HR issues.

    Atal Vihari Vajpayee

    • He was born on December 25, 1924, in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. 
    • He was elected three times as the nation’s prime minister:
      • In 1996, he was elected as the nation’s Prime Minister for the first time.
      • In 1998–1999, he was elected prime minister for a second term. 
      • On October 13, 1999, he was elected as the nation’s prime minister for the third time. 
    • Significantly, former prime minister Atal Vihari Vajpayee was the first head of state to address the UN in Hindi.
    • The “Bharat Ratna” award was given to him on March 27, 2015.

    Source: IE