Mycobacterium Leprae

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    Context

    • A group of researchers have found that armadillo livers grow substantially when infected with Mycobacterium leprae.
      • Study finds bacteria of the chronic infectious disease reprogrammed certain cells into ‘stem-like cells’.
      • Armadillos are mammals with their back, head, legs and tail covered in bony plates. They got the name from their unique look, which translated from Spanish means ‘little armoured one’.

    About Leprosy 

    • Leprosy, also known as Hansen’s disease, is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis.
    • Affected Organs: Skin, the peripheral nerves, mucosal surfaces of the upper respiratory tract and the eyes. Leprosy is known to occur at all ages.
    • Leprosy is curable and early treatment averts most disabilities. But if left untreated, leprosy can cause progressive and permanent damage to the skin, nerves, limbs and eyes.
    • Transmission: The exact mechanism is not known. It is transmitted via droplets, from the nose and mouth.
    • India, Indonesia, Brazil are among the main countries where leprosy is prevalent.

    Source: DTE