PM Atmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana

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    In News

    • PM Launched Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission, also called PM Atmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana.

    About the Scheme

    • Aim: To strengthen India’s critical healthcare network in both urban and rural areas.
      • Establish an IT-enabled disease surveillance system through a network of laboratories at block, district, regional and national levels.
      • Labs will be connected through the Integrated Health Information Portal.
    • Features:
      • To provide support to 17,788 rural Health and Wellness Centres in 10 ‘high focus’ states and establish 11,024 urban Health and Wellness Centres.
        • It is in addition to the National Health Mission.
      • Exclusive Critical Care Hospital Blocks with over five lakh population.
      • Institutional setup related to one health, four new national institutes for virology, a regional research platform for WHO (World Health Organization) & other labs will be set up.  

    The state of Healthcare in India (Need)

    • COVID-19 crisis has highlighted glaring gaps in India’s healthcare sector.
    • Availability of basic infrastructure: India has 1.4 beds per 1000 people, 1 doctor per 1445 people, inadequate other staff.
    • Less Spending: Oxfam India 2020, India at 155th, allocating less than 4% of their budget on health (4th lowest in the world).
    • Insufficient Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (ISDP): Due to manpower & resource shortage.
    • Denial of health care: High out of the pocket expenditure & non-uniformity in Health care (regarding Rural Vs Urban)

    Significance

    • Increased investments in research on infection disease
    • Institutional Infrastructure would be created
    • More skilled & trained staff (including healthcare professionals)
    • Testing network for the diagnosis of diseases will be boosted
    • Cater both rural & urban areas uniformly.
    • Further, enhance the spending on healthcare & supplement other schemes.

    Other Related Initiatives

    • Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM)
    • PM Ayushman Yojana
    • Jan Aushadhi Yojana
    • Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana

    Way Ahead

    • Proper implementation & monitoring (along with other schemes)
    • Use of technology
    • Increase spending on healthcare as mentioned in National Health Policy (NHP), 2017.

    Source: IE