Chola Dynasty

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    In News

    • Recently, the Idol Wing-CID has submitted documents to U.S. officials through the Central government to retrieve six exquisite Chola-era bronze idols.

    About 

    • These idols went missing from the Veeracholapuram temple in Kallakurichi district in the 1960s. 
    • The temple was constructed 900 years ago by Chola king Rajendra Chola

    Chola Dynasty

    • Origin:
      • The reign of the Cholas began in the 9th century when they defeated the Pallavas to come into power. 
      • This rule stretched over for over five long centuries until the 13th century.
      • The Early periods of the Chola rule saw the onset of the Sangam literature
    • Developments:
      • One of the longest-ruling dynasties in the southern regions of India.
      • The medieval period was the era of absolute power and development for the Cholas. 
      • Cholas made South Asia and South-East India into a military, economic and cultural power.
    • Prominent Rulers: Vijayalaya, Aditya I, Rajaraja Chola I, Rajendra Chola I, Rajadhiraja Chola, Virarajendra Chola and Kulothunga Chola I 

    About Rajendra Chola I

    • Succeeded the mighty Rajaraja Chola
    • Rajendra I was the first to venture to the banks of Ganges. He was popularly called the Victor of the Ganges.
    • Built new capital called the Gangaikondacholapuram where he received the title of ‘Gangaikonda’. 
    • He built the Brihadisvara Temple and upgraded several others.
    • His period is referred to as the golden age of the Cholas.

    Source: TH