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    • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by Prime Minister approved the continuation of umbrella scheme ‘Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services (ACROSS)’ for the next five years at an estimated cost of Rs 2,135 crore.

    ACROSS Scheme

    • About:
      • The scheme pertains to the ministry’s atmospheric science programmes and addresses different aspects of weather and climate services. 
      • Each of these aspects is incorporated as eight sub-schemes under the umbrella scheme “ACROSS” and is implemented in an integrated manner through the four agencies.
    • Eight sub-schemes under ACROSS:
      • Financial support will be provided to implement eight sub-schemes under ACROSS throughout the next finance cycle from 2021-26.
      • The India Meteorological Department (IMD) will be vastly contributing in five sub-schemes, namely: commissioning of polarimetric doppler weather radars in the country, atmospheric observations network, study of monsoon and clouds, weather and climate services and upgradation of forecasting services in the next five years.
    • Implemetation:
      • Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) through the India Meteorological Department, National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology and the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services.
    • Major impact:
      • The scheme will provide improved weather, climate, ocean forecast and services, and other hazard related services thereby ensuring transfer of commensurate benefits to the end -user through various services like Public weather service, Agro-meteorological Services, Aviation services, Environmental monitoring services, Hydro-meteorological services, climate services, tourism, pilgrimage etc.
      • The whole process from generation of forecast to its delivery requires considerable manpower at every stage, thereby generating employment opportunities to many people.

    Source: PIB