Anang Tal Lake

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    • Recently, the Anang Tal Lake in South Delhi has been declared a monument of national importance through a gazette notification by the Ministry of Culture

    Monuments of National Importance

    • The Monuments of National Importance are designated by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). 
    • The union government of India is authorised to maintain, protect and promote the Monuments of National Importance.
    • An Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958 defines an Ancient Monument as follows:
      • Ancient Monument means any structure, erection or monument, or any tumulus or place of interment, or any cave, rock-sculpture, inscription or monolith which is of historical, archaeological or artistic interest and which has been in existence for not less than 100 years.
    • It should include the following:
      • The remains of an ancient monument
      • The site of an ancient monument
      • The land on which there are fences or protective covering structures for preserving the monument
      • Land by means of which people can freely access the monument. 

    Sub-section (1) of section 4 of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act

    • In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 4 of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958 the central government declared the said ancient site and remains to be of national importance. 

    Anang Tal Lake

    • History 
      • It dates back to 1,060 AD.
      • The total area of the site was 10.599 acre.
      • The city was known earlier as DhillikaPuri, as stone inscriptions excavated by Lord Cunningham have revealed. 
    • Location
      • Anang Tal is situated to the north of Jog Maya temple and approximately 500 metres to the northwest of Qutub Complex.
    • Tomar King 
      • It was built by the 11th Century Tomar king Anang Pal Tomar.

    Significance of the recent decision 

    • Protection by ASI: Once declared to be of national importance, the site would be protected by the ASI and incur restrictions on construction activity in its vicinity.
    • It is said to have been a place of a general resort but now it is dried up and used for cultivation.  

    National Monuments Authority (NMA)

    • Established under the Ministry of Culture in accordance with the requirements of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains AMASR (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010.
    • The NMA has been delegated specific tasks for the conservation and preservation of monuments and sites, including control of the banned and restricted areas surrounding centrally designated monuments.

    Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) 

    • It is a premier organisation under the Ministry of Culture, for the archaeological research and protection of the cultural heritage of the nation.
    • It regulates all archaeological activities in the country as per the provisions of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958. 
    • It also regulates the Antiquities and Art Treasure Act, 1972. 

    Source: IE