Guided Bomb

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    • The Ukrainian government has reported an increase in the number of guided bomb attacks carried out by the Russian forces.
      • Ukrainian military experts believe Russia currently has two types of guided bombs.
        • Satellite-guided UPAB-1500B
        • High-explosive FAB-type bomb equipped with wings

    What are Guided Bombs?

    • A guided bomb (also known as a smart bomb, guided bomb unit, or GBU) is a precision-guided munition designed to achieve a smaller circular error probable (CEP).
    • Unlike simple bombs, guided bombs have small wings and tail surfaces that allow them to be put into gliding flight.
    • Guided bombs carry a guidance system which is usually monitored and controlled from an external device. A guided bomb of a given weight must carry fewer explosives to accommodate the guidance mechanisms.

    Reasons behind Increased use of Guided Bombs

    • Through this Russia can mitigate the risk of further aviation losses by operating out of the range of most Ukrainian anti-aircraft and air defense systems
    • The Russian forces are dropping more guided bombs because they are running out of missiles, and guided bombs are cheaper. 

    Challenges to Ukraine

    • To destroy guided bombs, Ukraine needs modern air defense systems like the Patriot .
    • Bombs are very difficult to hit, it is easier to destroy the carrier itself with  the help of the fighter jets.
    • Ukraine does not have air-to-air missiles with sufficient range to hit jets over Russian-controlled areas.

    Source: IE