National Mobile Monitoring System (NMMS)


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    • Recently  Government made it mandatory that the attendance for MGNREGS workers will be captured through a mobile application, National Mobile Monitoring System (NMMS)


    • The National Mobile Monitoring Software (NMMS) App was launched by the Ministry of Rural Development in 2021.
    •  It aimed at bringing more transparency and ensuring proper monitoring of the schemes.
    • Significance:
      • The NMMS App permits taking real time attendance of workers at Mahatma Gandhi NREGA worksites along with geo-tagged photographs. 
      • The app helps in increasing citizen oversight of the programme.
    •  Issues:
      •  Poor internet connectivity, little access to smartphones and glitches in the app have created a problem functioning of programme. According to  Ministry of Rural Development’s own statistics
        • Only 25.9% registered devices have been used to record the attendance .
        • 41.3% of the gram panchayats report no NMMS device usage.
      •  The workers are forced to buy a smartphone with their own wages with no extra support given by government.



    • It is a poverty alleviation programme of the Government of India, which provides the legal Right to Work in exchange for money to the citizens of the country.
      • On average, every day approx. 1.5 crore people work under it at almost 14 lakh sites.
      • It aims to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
    • Funding: It is shared between the Centre and the States.
    • The Central Government bears 100 per cent of the cost of unskilled labour, 75 percent of the cost of semi-skilled and skilled labour, 75 percent of the cost of materials and 6 percent of the administrative costs.

    Source: TH