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    About Pangolins 


    • Description:
      • The pangolin is the most trafficked animal in the world.
      • Pangolins are mammals. They are the only mammals wholly-covered in scales and they use those scales to protect themselves from predators in the wild.  
      • Pangolins eat ants, termites and larvae and are often known as the scaly anteater. 
      • Eight species of pangolins are found on two continents namely Asia and Africa. They range from Vulnerable to Critically Endangered.
        • Indian pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) and Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) are found in India.
    • Protection: 
      • It is listed under the Schedule I Part I of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972. 
      • It is listed in Appendix I of CITES in accordance with the International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s Red List.
      • Indian pangolin – Endangered; Chinese pangolin – Critically Endangered.
    • Geographical location: 
      • There are eight species of pangolins in the world of which the Indian Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) and the Chinese Pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) are found in India.
        • The Indian Pangolin is distributed in other parts of the country as well as Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Pakistan
    • Threats: 
      • Poaching for its meat and scales, which are used and consumed by local people, but are also increasingly traded internationally.

    Source: DTE