Scholarship Schemes

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    In News

    • Recently, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Social Justice and Empowerment highlighted the funds spent on the scholarship schemes by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

    About

    • In the first nine months of the financial year 2022-23, the Ministry was able to spend only 1% of its allocation for a pre-matric scholarship scheme for Scheduled Caste students.
    • And less than half the amount allocated for a post-matric scholarship scheme for SC students.
    • Under the PM-YASASVI scheme the Government spent just a little over 2% out of the total budget allocation for the scheme.
    • Government’s Response: Earlier, the scheme was split into two — one for SC students and one for children of those engaged in hazardous occupations. It was merged into one and implemented as such from 2022-23.
      • Under the new system, the Centre sends its 60% share of the funds through a Direct Benefit Transfer to the Aadhaar-linked bank account of the beneficiary, but only after the concerned State government releases its 40% share of the funds. 

    Pre-matric scholarship scheme

    • Pre-Matric Scholarship for ST students (Class IX and X) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme launched in 2006 and implemented through respective State/UT administrations. 
    • It is an open-ended Scheme covering all ST students studying in Std. IXth & Xth, whose parental annual income is up to Rs. 2.50 lakhs.
    • The contribution from the Government of India is 75% and the state contribution is 25%. 
    • In respect of North East states and hilly states, the contribution from Government of India is 90% and the state contribution is 10%. 
    • In case of UTs like Andaman & Nicobar without Legislative Assembly and own grants, Govt. of India’s contribution is 100%.

    Post matric scholarship scheme

    • Post Matric Scholarship for ST students (Class XI and above) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme implemented through respective Ste/UT administrations. 
    • This is an open-ended Scheme covering all ST students studying in in class XI and above, whose parental annual income is up to Rs. 2.50 lakhs.
    • The contribution from the Government of India is 75% and the state contribution is 25%. 
    • In respect of North East states and hilly states, the contribution from Government of India is 90% and the state contribution is 10%. 
    • In case of UTs like Andaman & Nicobar without Legislative Assembly and own grants, Govt. of India’s contribution is 100%.

    PM-YASASVI scheme

    • It is formulated by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MSJ&E) and known as PM Young achievers Scholarship Award Scheme for Vibrant India (YASASVI) for award of scholarships to Other Backward Class (OBC), Economically Backward Class (EBC) and Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes Denotified Tribe(DNT) students.
    • The annual income of whose parents/guardian is not more than Rs. 2.5 lakhs, studying in identified Schools.
    • The award of scholarships is at two levels:
      •  For students who are studying in Class IX.
      •  For students who are studying in Class XI.
    • Selection of candidates for award of Scholarships under the Scheme is through a written test known as Yasasvi Entrance Test (YET) conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA).

    About National Testing Agency (NTA)

    • MSJ&E, Government of India (GoI) has established the National Testing Agency (NTA) as an independent, autonomous and self-sustained premier testing organization under the Societies Registration Act (1860).
    • It is established for conducting efficient, transparent and international standardized tests in order to assess the competency of candidates for admission to premier Higher Educational Institutions(HEI).

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