Comptroller and Auditor General

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    In News

    • Recently India’s Comptroller and Auditor General has been selected as External Auditor of the International Labour Organization(ILO) in Geneva for a four-year term from 2024 to 2027.

    About:

    • CAG is an independent authority under the Constitution of India.
    • Articles 148 – 151 of the Constitution of India deal with the institution of the CAG of India. The CAG enjoys the same status as a sitting judge of the Supreme Court of India in order of precedence.
    • He is the head of the Indian audit & account department .
    • It is the institution through which the accountability of the government and other public authorities to Parliament and State Legislatures is ensured
    • CAG’s appointment as an external auditor is a recognition of its standing among the international community as well as its professionalism, high standards, global audit experience and strong national credentials.

    International Labour Organization (ILO)

    • The International Labour Organization was established in 1919 under the League of Nations and was integrated into the United Nations as an exclusive agency in 1946.
    • The ILO brings together governments, employers, and workers of 187 member States, to set labour standards, develop policies and devise programs promoting decent work for all women and men.
    • The main aims of the ILO are to promote rights at work, encourage decent employment opportunities, enhance social protection and strengthen dialogue on work-related issues.
    • India has ratified about six out of the eight core/fundamental ILO conventions. They are:
      •     Forced Labour Convention (No. 29)
      •     Abolition of Forced Labour Convention (No.105)
      •     Equal Remuneration Convention (No.100)
      •     Discrimination (Employment Occupation) Convention (No.111)
      •     Minimum Age Convention (No.138)
      •     Worst forms of Child Labour Convention (No.182)
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    • India still needs to ratify the two main core/fundamental conventions:
      •   The protection of the Right and Freedom of Association to Organise Convention, 1948 (No. 87)
      •  The Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98

    Source: AIR