Rani Lakshmibai

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    The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has remembered Rani Lakshmibai on her Jayanti. Shri Modi said that her courage and monumental contribution to our nation can never be forgotten.

    About Rani Lakshmibai 

    • Early Life: She was born on 19 November 1828 in Kashi. 
      • Lakshmibai’s childhood name was ‘Manikarnika’. She was affectionately addressed as ‘Manu’.
      • Manu’s father used to work with Peshwa Sahib of Bithur. 
      • From childhood, Manu started learning about using weapons. 
      • She became proficient in horse riding and fencing under the guidance of Nana Saheb and Tatya Tope.
    • Married Life: In the year 1842, Manu got married to the King of Jhansi, Gangadhar Rao and after marriage, she got the name ‘Lakshmibai’. she gave birth to a son. 
      • Her son lived for a few months and then passed away. 
      • After some time, the king of Jhansi died, and state management’s responsibility fell to Rani Lakshmibai, which she managed efficiently.
    • Conflict with the British:  The British, under the doctrine of Lapse, ordered the merger of Jhansi into the British Empire and assured the queen of pension. 
      • Rani Laxmibai did not agree to this contract in any way. 
      • She made it clear to the Britishers that she will never surrender Jhansi to them. She took this pledge. 
      • The brave queen guarded the pride of Jhansi until her last breath
    • Legacy : The devotion of the queen towards the motherland, awakened the spirit of freedom among thousands of people. She inspired many women to participate in the freedom movement. She sacrificed her life for the dignity and freedom of her people. No doubt, She was a true queen and a brave fighter

    Doctrine of Lapse

    • Lord Dalhousie who was the Governor-General from 1848 to 1856  devised a policy that came to be known as the Doctrine of Lapse. 
    • The doctrine declared that if an Indian ruler died without a male heir his kingdom would “lapse”, that is, become part of Company territory. 
    • One kingdom after another was annexed simply by applying this doctrine: Satara (1848), Sambalpur (1850), Udaipur (1852), Nagpur (1853) and Jhansi (1854).
    • Finally, in 1856, the Company also took over Awadh.

    Source: PIB