Lachit Borphukan


    In News

    • Recently, the Assam Chief Minister launched an event to mark the 400th anniversary of Lachit Barphukan, a celebrated general of the Ahom dynasty.

    Lachit Borphukan

    • Born: on November 24, 1622 in Charaideo, the first capital of the Ahom kings. 
    • Excelled in the art of Guerrilla Warfare.
    • Led two battles against an alien Mughal army.
      • Battle of Alaboi:
        • Fought on August 5, 1669 in the Alaboi Hills near Dadara in North Guwahati.
        • Aurangzeb had ordered the invasion in 1669 under his ally Rajput Raja Ram Singh I who led a combined Mughal and Rajput army. 
        • Borphukan engaged in guerrilla warfare, assaulting the invaders and then falling back until Ram Singh I unleashed his entire forces on the Ahoms, defeating them in the Battle of Alaboi.
      • Naval battle in Saraighat in 1671:
        • Lachit Borphukon’s valorous leadership led to the decisive defeat of the Mughals.
        • According to historical accounts, Lachit is said to have tricked the Mughals by feigning an attack in front
        • As the fleet advanced on the river Brahmaputra, the main Ahom fleet attacked from behind, sealing a victory for the locals.
    • Death: 25th April 1672.


    Image Courtesy: TN 

    Ahom Dynasty

    • Ruled for more than 600 years between the 13th and 19th centuries.
    • One of the longest dynastic reigns in the subcontinent
    • Areas: Large parts of what is now Assam, and parts of what are neighbouring states today.
    • Achievements: Instrumental role in thwarting more than 15 attempts of the Mughals and other rulers of the Delhi Sultanate to conquer the region.

    Source: TH