Survey of India


    In News

    • The Government of India has announced that the Survey of India will remain the final authority on maps with State and national boundaries.


    • With the guidelines released by the Department of Science and Technology in 2021, Survey of India (SoI) had lost the monopoly on making high-resolution maps.
    • The Government in December 2022 released the National Geospatial Policy of India that allowed any private agency to make high resolution maps. 
    • With the current announcement the government has clarified that Survey of India will
      • remain the arbiter of maps that deal with State borders and national boundaries
      • continue to maintain CORS (Continuously Operating Reference Stations) that are necessary to create accurate digital maps.

    What are CORS  (Continuously Operating Reference Stations)?

    • CORS are the infrastructure necessary for the creation of accurate digital maps. They monitor the Earth’s crust for accurate measurement of the properties of the earth.
    • It consists of a GPS receiver and a stable antenna  operating continuously to stream raw data.

    National Geospatial Policy of India

    • It aims to promote the country’s geospatial data industry and develop a national framework to use such data for improving citizen services.
    • It plans for the establishment of  Geospatial Knowledge Infrastructure (GKI) such as Integrated Data and Information Framework and National Digital Twin to drive forward the geospatial economy.
    • To enable the easy availability of valuable Geospatial data, it  plans for the constitution of a Geospatial Data Promotion and Development Committee (‘GDPDC’) for formulating and implementing appropriate guidelines, strategies, and programs.

    Survey of India

    • Established in 1767 it is the oldest scientific department of the Government of India.
    • Headquartered in Dehradun, it acts as an adviser to the Government of India on all survey matters, viz Geodesy, Photogrammetry, Mapping and Map Reproduction.
    • It is the National Survey and Mapping Organization of the country under the Department of Science & Technology.

    Source: TH