Truenat Test 

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    Syllabus: GS2/Health

    In News

    • Kerala has been accorded sanction by the Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) to use Truenat test to diagnose Nipah

    TrueNat

    • TrueNat is a portable, chip-based and battery-operated machine developed by a Goa-based company Molbio Diagnostics Private Limited. It is a cost-effective and a miniature version of the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test.
    • It was originally developed to detect Tuberculosis (TB) in one hour. The World Health Organisation has approved TrueNat for detecting TB.
    • ICMR has also approved the use of TrueNat for the diagnosis of infectious diseases such as Covid and Hepatitis, among others.

    TrueNat for Nipah and Biosafety levels (BSL)

    • Hospitals with BSL 2 level labs can perform the TrueNat for Nipah.
    • Biosafety levels (BSL) are used to identify the protective measures needed in a laboratory setting to protect workers, the environment, and the public.
    • The four biosafety levels are BSL-1, BSL-2, BSL-3, and BSL-4, with BSL-4 being the highest (maximum) level of containment.

    Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)

    • Mandate: It is the apex body in India for the formulation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research.
    • Background: In 1911, the Government of India set up the Indian Research Fund Association (IRFA) for sponsoring and coordinating medical research in the country. It was redesignated the ICMR in 1949.
    • Governance: The governing body of the council is presided over by the Union Health Minister. It is assisted in scientific and technical matters by a scientific advisory board comprising eminent experts in different biomedical disciplines.
    • Funding: The ICMR is funded by the Government of India through the Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
    • In 2007 the organization established the Clinical Trials Registry – India, which is India’s national registry for clinical trials.

    Source: TH