National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI)


    In News

    Recently, National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) celebrated its 18th Foundation Day. 



    • NIXI hosted a webinar on “Digital Economy – expanding footprints” on the occasion of completing 18 years.
      • Through this webinar that NIXI will provide a personalized email with 10GB space to every .IN user. 


    About NIXI

    • NIXI is a not for profit Organization under section 8 of the Companies Act 2013, and was registered on 19th June, 2003
    • NIXI was set up for peering of (Internet Service Providers)ISPs among themselves for the purpose of routing the domestic traffic within the country, instead of taking it all the way to US/Abroad, thereby resulting in better quality of service (reduced latency) and reduced bandwidth charges for ISPs by saving on International Bandwidth.
    • NIXI is managed and operated on a Neutral basis, in line with the best practices for such initiatives globally.
    • India currently has over 2.7 million registered domains on the internet  which is the third-largest Asian nation in the country-centric top-level domain growth..


    • NIXI has been  working since 2003 for spreading the internet technology to the citizens of India through the following activities:
    •  Internet Exchanges through which the internet data is exchanged amongst ISPs and CDNs.
    • .IN Registry, managing and operation of .IN country code domain and. ???? IDN domain for India.
      • IN is India’s Country Code Top Level domain (ccTLD).
      •  The Government  of India delegated the operations of INRegistry to NIXI in 2004. 
        • The INRegistry operates and manages India’s .IN ccTLD.
    • IRINN, managing and operating Internet protocol (IPv4/IPv6).
      • NIXI also manages the National Internet Registry of the country delegating Internet Protocol addresses (IPv4 and IPv6) and Autonomous System numbers to the Indian Affiliates. 


    Recent Initiatives 

    • In April 2021, NIXI had announced  new initiatives aimed at raising awareness about the IPv6 protocol in India. 
      • IPv6 is the most recent version of the Internet Protocol system and provides identification and location information for connected devices and networks. 
    • NIXI announced an expert panel (IP Guru) that would help Indian organizations move to IPv6 systems from IPv4, an education portal for IPv6 called NIXI Academy, and the NIXI IP-Index, which will showcase the adoption rate for IPv6 in India. 
      • The country is already number one in IPv6 adoption worldwide



    • NIXI is also credited with localizing internet domains and encouraging websites to register with the .in address. 
      • Its efforts have seen fruition as India surpassed 2.7 million registrations of .in domain, making India the third-largest nation in Asia in the country-centric, top-level domain growth.
      •  The company has also set out to promote local content with its .???? initiatives.
        •  Starting with five languages, the. ???? domain is now available in all 22 official languages. India is the only country to provide domain in 22 official Indian Languages.

    About Internet Protocol (IP) version 6 (IPv6 or IPng) 

    • Internet Protocol (IP) version 6 (IPv6 or IPng) is the next generation of IP and has been designed to be an evolutionary step from IP version 4 (IPv4).
    • While IPv4 has allowed the development of a global Internet, it is not capable of carrying much farther into the future because of two fundamental factors: limited address space and routing complexity. 
    • The IPv4 32-bit addresses do not provide enough flexibility for global Internet routing. 
    • The deployment of Classless InterDomain Routing (CIDR) has extended the lifetime of IPv4 routing by a number of years, but the effort to better manage the routing will continue. 
      • Even if IPv4 routing could be scaled up, the Internet will eventually run out of network numbers.
    • The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) recognized that IPv4 would not be able to support the phenomenal growth of the Internet, so the IETF IPng working group was formed. 
    • IPv6 extends the maximum number of Internet addresses to handle the ever increasing Internet user population.
    •  As an evolutionary change from IPv4, IPv6 has the advantage of allowing the new and the old to coexist on the same network. This coexistence enables an orderly migration from IPv4 (32 bit addressing) to IPv6 (128 bit addressing) on an operational network.
    • The most well-known benefit that IPv6 offers is the exponentially increased address space, providing many more unique IP addresses than what can be derived through IPv4, and hence, covering all users and devices connected to the internet.


    Source: PIB