Species In News: Indian Desert Cat

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    In  News 

    • An Indian desert cat has been spotted for the first time in Madhya Pradesh’s Panna Tiger Reserve (PTR).
      • The presence of a desert cat was also recorded in the State’s Nauradehi sanctuary.

    Image Courtesy: IE

    About Indian Desert Cat 

    • The Indian Desert Cat is also known as the Asiatic Wildcat or the Asian Steppe Wildcat. 
    • Scientific Name: Felis lybica .
    • Description
      • It is smaller than the European wildcat and its fur is more yellow or reddish in colour with characteristic small black or reddish-brown spots and sometimes stripes. 
      • The toes of the species have cushion-like hair which helps them balance the fluctuating desert temperatures.
    • Distribution:
      • This cat is found in deserts and can survive without water. 
      • It is widely distributed from the Caucasus and Turkey to western India, northward to Kazakhstan, western China and southern Mongolia. 
    • Conservation Status: 
    • The wildcat (including Felis silvestris and Felis lybica) is considered as Least Concern in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

    Panna National Park

    • It is a national park located in the Panna and Chhatarpur districts of Madhya Pradesh in India.
    • It was declared in 1994 as the twenty-second Tiger reserve of India and the fifth in Madhya Pradesh.
    • Panna was given the Award of Excellence in 2007 as the best maintained national park of India by the Ministry of Tourism of India.
    • Among the animals found here are the tiger, leopard, chital, chinkara, nilgai, sambhar and sloth bear.

    Source: TH