Operation Sankalp


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    • Indian Navy’s ship Trikand is currently deployed in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman as part of Operation Sankalp.
      • The deployment aims at instilling confidence in the maritime community and contributing to regional maritime security

    Operation Sankalp


    • Operation Sankalp was started in June 2019 after there were explosions on board two oil tanker ships in the Gulf of Oman amid increased tensions between Iran and the U.S.


    • It was launched to assure the safety and security of the Indian vessels.
    • To maintain a frontline ship in the region to ensure safe and secure movement of trade, instil confidence in the maritime community and contribute to regional maritime security.


    • India is dependent on about 85% of its demand for oil on imports. In 2019-2020, around 62% of India’s oil imports valued at approximately $66 billion came from the Gulf region.

    Persian Gulf (also called the Arabian Gulf)

    • The Persian Gulf is the body of water bordering Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, and Oman. 
    • Its length is around 990 km and its width varies from a maximum of around 340 km to a minimum of 55 km in the Strait of Hormuz.
    • The region produces nearly one-third of the world’s oil and holds over half of the world’s crude oil reserves as well as a significant portion of the world’s natural gas reserves.

    Gulf of Oman

    • It is the northwest arm of the Arabian Sea, which lies between the eastern portion of the Arabian Peninsula (Oman) and Iran.
    • It is 560 km long and connects with the Persian Gulf through the Strait of Hormuz.
    • It is a shipping route for the oil-producing area around the Persian Gulf.

    Source: PIB