Sangita Kalanidhi and Nritya Kalanidhi Awards

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    2031

    In News

    • The Madras Music Academy has announced the winner of the Sangita Kalanidhi and Nritya Kalanidhi for the year 2023.

    About

    • Carnatic vocalist Bombay Jayashri has been selected for the Sangita Kalanidhi award.
      • She is known for her melodic and meditative style of singing and is recognised by a Padma Shri from the Indian government. 
    • The Nritiya Kalanidhi award for dance goes to Vasanthalakshmi Narasimhachari.

    Sangita Kalanidhi Award

    • It is considered the highest accolade in the field of Carnatic music.
    • It came into existence in 1942. 
      • Prior to that, a senior musician/expert was invited to preside over the Music Academy’s annual conference. 
    • In 1942, it was decided that the musician so invited would be conferred the title of Sangita Kalanidhi, the award comprising a gold medal and a birudu patra (citation). 

    Nritya Kalanidhi award

    • It is presented in the field of dance every year by the Madras Music Academy.

    Sangita Kala Acharya

    • Instituted in 2012 by Dr Engikollai Krishnan and Dr Leela Krishnan it is conferred each year in January on a senior dancer at the inauguration of the annual dance festival.

    About Madras Music Academy 

    • It is a landmark institution in the history of the fine arts. It emerged as an offshoot of the All India Congress Session held in Madras in December 1927. 
    • It was conceived to be the institution that would set the standard for Carnatic music. 
    • It also confers the various awards such as the Sangita Kalanidhi, Nritya Kalanidhi, Sangita Kala Acharya, TTK, and Musicologist awards for the year.

    Carnatic Music

    • Carnatic music or Carnatic sangeet is the south Indian classical music.
    • Carnatic Sangeet has developed in the south Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. These states are known for their strong presentation of Dravidian culture.
    • Purandardas is considered to be the father of Carnatic music.
    • In Carnatic music there is a very highly developed theoretical system. It is based upon a complex system of Ragam (Raga) and Thalam (Tala). Raga is basically the scale and the seven notes of this scale are Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha and Ni. 
    • The Tala (thalam) is the rhythmic foundation of Carnatic music. 
    • Notable Carnatic music exponents are Papanasam Shivan, Gopala Krishna Bharati, Swati Tirunal, Mysore Vasudevachar, Narayan Tirtha, Uttukadu Venkatasubbair, Arunagiri Nathar and Annamacharya. 

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