NITI Aayog Launches Geospatial Energy Map of India


    In News

    • NITI Aayog in collaboration with ISRO has developed a comprehensive Geographic Information System (GIS) Energy Map of India.
      • The development was also supported by the Energy Ministries of the Government of India.

    What is the Geospatial Energy Map of India?

    • The map attempts to identify and locate all primary and secondary sources of energy and their transportation/transmission networks.
      • It thus provides a comprehensive view of energy production and distribution in a country.
    • It enables visualisation of energy installations across the nation such as
      • conventional power plants,
      • oil and gas wells,
      • petroleum refineries,
      • coal fields and coal blocks,
      • district-wise data on renewable energy power plants and renewable energy resource potential, etc.
    • It has 27 thematic layers for easy yet elaborate representation of the aforementioned data.
    • It leverages the latest advancements in web-GIS technology and open-source software to make it interactive and user friendly.
      • It is a unique effort aimed at integrating energy data scattered across multiple organizations.
      • The map presents all the collected information in a consolidated, visually appealing graphical manner.
    • The GIS-based Energy Map of India can be accessed at 

    Expected Benefits of Geospatial Energy Map

    • More effective Planning and Better Investment decisions:
      • The illustrative, consolidated data will be useful in planning and making investment decisions for such a vast country as India.
      • GIS mapping of energy assets will also ensure real-time, integrated planning of the energy sector of India.
    • Higher Efficiency in Production and Distribution:
      • Energy markets have immense potential to bring in efficiency gains.
      • Consolidated data can foster research in logistics and help in cheaper transmission with the least loss.
    • Disaster Management:
      • It will also aid in disaster management using available energy assets.

    Geographical Information System

    • It is an interactive system that aids in analysis, building inter-relation, visualization, comparison and interpretation.
    • It is a graphic aided spatial analysis tool.
      • It helps in the management of Spatio-temporal information by embedding multiple levels of data sets into maps. 
    • It offers the following advantages:
      • Flexibility 
        • System data can be easily edited and altered according to changing requirements.
      • Representation
        • It provides a condensed form of graphical data representation which otherwise would have been cumbersome to plot on numerous maps and figures.
      • Scalability 
        • Depending upon the requirement, the scale of the model can be changed.
      • Recording, Retrieval and access
      • Multivariate inputs 
        • GIS can work on a number of unconventional variables thus aiding in easy comparison.
    • Applications
      • Agriculture 
        • Pre Harvest: Field level planning, feeder canal construction, local topography mapping, seed sowing lanes
        • During Harvest: 
          • Boosting yield by predicting the effect of temperature, precipitation, 
          • Erosion control, 
          • Soil health management, 
          • Integrated pest management, nutrient management
        • Post Harvest: Efficient storage
        • Institutional: Land record-keeping in digital format, farm infra planning, precision agriculture
      • Defence
        • Surveillance
        • Topography mapping and terrain evaluation, 
        • Identifying blind spots, 
        • Prospective danger zones,
        • Developing communication lines, unstable land identification
      • Disaster Management
      • Changes in Geographical Phenomenon and Climate Change
      • Safety, Law and Order
      • Insurance Claims
      • …  and any more
    • In India, NRSC is the nodal agency that is utilizing this technology for the nation’s progress and development.

    Source: PIB