Syllabus: GS-3/Internal Security
- The Indian Coast Guard conducted ‘Operation Sajag’, a Coastal Security Drill along the Western Coast.
About Operation Sajag:
- This operation serves to revalidate the coastal security mechanism and raise awareness among fishermen at sea.
- A total of 118 ships including those from Customs, Marine Police, Ports & Indian Navy participated in the drill.
- Under this, extensive checking and verification of documents and crew passes of all fishing boats, barges and sea crafts are carried out.
- It occurs monthly for one day and helps in monitoring of dhows, island security, and community interaction programs.
- Several measures have been implemented to strengthen coastal security-issuance of biometric cards for fishermen, color-coding of fishing boats by state, staffing of fish landing centers, access control at entry/exit checkpoints, coastal mapping, designation of specific marine band frequencies for security agencies, and marine police training by the Indian Coast Guard.
|Indian Coast Guard
– The Indian Coast Guard is a maritime law enforcement and search and rescue agency of India with jurisdiction over its territorial waters including its contiguous zone and exclusive economic zone.
– It was established in 1977 by the Coast Guard Act, 1978 of the Parliament of India.
– Parent Agency: Ministry of Defence
– Headquarters: New Delhi
– Head: Director General Indian Coast Guard (DGICG)
Missions of Indian Coast Guard
– Safety and protection of artificial islands, offshore terminals and other installations.
– Protection and assistance to fishermen and mariners at sea.
– Preservation and protection of marine ecology and environment including pollution control.
– Assistance to the Department of Customs and other authorities in anti-smuggling operations.