US to revoke Pakistan’s designation as a Major Non-NATO Ally


    In News

    • A US Congressman has recently moved a Bill in the House of Representatives to revoke Pakistan’s designation as a Major Non-NATO Ally.

    Details of the Bill

    • The Bill says that Pakistan should be demoted from the major non-NATO ally status till the US President can submit a certification that it has met certain conditions.
    • The conditions listed are: 
      • Pakistan continues to conduct military operations that are contributing to significantly disrupting the safe haven and freedom of movement of the Haqqani Network in Pakistan
      • Pakistan has taken steps to demonstrate its commitment to prevent the Haqqani Network from using any Pakistani territory as a safe haven; 
      • The Government of Pakistan actively coordinates with the Government of Afghanistan to restrict the movement of militants, such as the Haqqani Network, along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border; and 
      • Pakistan has shown progress in arresting and prosecuting Haqqani Network senior leaders and mid-level operatives.

    About the Haqqani network:

    • About:
      • The Haqqani network is a terrorist group whose leadership is based in Pakistan, though it operates majorly in Afghanistan
    • Origin:
      • The network came into being during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980s and was armed and funded by the US and Pakistan to fight the Russians. 
    • Issues of US against Haqqani network:
      • After 9/11, Haqqani turned against the US.
      • US officials have long considered the Haqqani leadership to be among the closest proxies for Pakistan’s ISI.

    Major Non-NATO Ally status

    • Designation as Major Non-NATO Ally status (MNNA) entitles a country to some military and economic privileges
    • According to the US Department of State website, Major Non-NATO Ally (MNNA) status is a designation under US law that provides foreign partners with certain benefits in the areas of defense trade and security cooperation. 
    • While MNNA status provides military and economic privileges, it does not entail any security commitments to the designated country.

    Way ahead

    • Before it can turn into a law with a signature from the President, the Bill has to be passed by the House and the Senate

    For now, it has been sent to the House Foreign Affairs Committee.