Mangrove Pitta Bird

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    In News

    • India’s first Mangrove Pitta Bird census is conducted In Odisha’s Bhitarkanika.

    About

    • The census was carried out for the first time in the country to study the population analysis of these birds.
    • The objective of the census is to record the growth pattern of these birds. These birds are yet to be conferred endangered category. 

    Mangrove Pitta Bird 

    • About: 
      • The mangrove pitta (Pitta megarhyncha) belongs to the family of pittas, the Pittidae.
      • Mangrove pitta are colourful birds which have black head with brown crown, white throat, greenish upper parts, buff under-parts and reddish vent area. 
      • They foraging on the ground and resting on the trees.
    • Habitat:
      • Coastal mangrove forests of India.
    • Distribution:
      • India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia.
    • Conservation Status:
      • IUCN: Near Threatened 

    About Bhitarkanika National Park

    • Bhitarkanika National Park is the 2nd largest Mangrove ecosystems of India
    • It’s located in the estuaries where the rivers Brahmani and Baitarani meet. This is the habitat of the endangered saltwater crocodile.
    • The Gahirmatha Beach which forms the boundary of the sanctuary in the east is the largest colony of the Olive Ridley Sea Turtles. 

    Source:  TH