Good Governance


    In News

    • The Union Home Minister recently stated that “Governance Models should build trust between the government and people”.

    More about the news

    • Model of Good Governance:
      • The minister stated that the model should be such that it reaches the last person in the queue. 
      • It should be inclusive, corruption-free, transparent, accountable, sensitive, innovative and stable
      • It should strike at the root of problems and build trust between the government and the people.
      • The key to good governance is a people-centric development policy
    • Different models for different situations:
      • India needed its own models as per the situational aand evaluation of the condition of people. 
      • If we try to impose an imported model from a country with a population of 2-10 crore onto a nation as diverse as ours, we are bound to fail. And for this, the thought process must start at the grassroots level and reach the top. 

    More about Governance

    • Governance:
      • The concept of “governance” is not new. It is as old as human civilization. 
      • It is the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented). 
      • Governance can be used in several contexts such as corporate governance, international governance, national governance and local governance.
    • Good Governance:
      • It assures that corruption is minimized, the views of minorities are taken into account and the voices of the most vulnerable in society are heard in decision-making. 
      • It is participatory, consensus ,oriented, accountable, transparent, responsive, effective and efficient, equitable and inclusive and follows the rule of law.
      • It is also responsive to the present and future needs of society.
    • Challenges:
      • Politicisation of bureaucracy: The political dominance on bureaucracy goes unchallenged by the bureaucracy. On the contrary, many bureaucrats willingly or meekly submitted to this dominance because of this, good governance has suffered
      • Lack of ethics and fairness: The lack of ethics and fairness in governance is felt by the common people as well as those in high offices. Today, government servants are used to ‘cushy’ postings which is a gift of the political bosses.
      • Corruption: Corruption had been identified as the biggest hurdle to economic development. Corruption undermines the public’s trust in its government. It also threatens market integrity, distorts competition, and endangers economic development.
      • Other challenges include:
        • Criminalization of Politics
        • Gender Disparity
        • Delay in Justice
        • Low levels of Awareness of the Rights and Duties of Citizens etc.
        • The rising gap between urban and rural areas, 
        • The use of technology is critical in engendering good governance. 

    Government initiatives for improving Governance in India 

    • Good Governance Day:
      • It was established in 2014 and  it was also celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of India’s former Prime Minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
      • The theme for this year is ‘Prashasan Gaon Ki Aur’.
      • The day aims to let the citizens, the students  know about the government’s responsibilities and duties that it needs to fulfill. 
    • Good Governance Index (GGI):
      • Prepared by: 
        • Department of Administration Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG).
      • Indicators: 
        • Good Governance Index Framework covers ten sectors and 58 indicators. 
          • Agriculture and Allied Sectors
          • Commerce & Industries
          • Human Resource Development
          • Public Health
          • Public Infrastructure & Utilities
          • Economic Governance
          • Social Welfare & Development
          • Judicial & Public Security
          • Environment
          • Citizen-Centric Governance. 
      • Objectives: 
        • The objective of GGI is to create a tool which can be used uniformly across the States to assess impact of various interventions taken up by the Central and State Governments including UTs. 
        • Based on the GGI Framework, the Index provides a comparative picture among the States while developing a competitive spirit for improvement.
    • District Good Governance Index (DGGI):
      • The DGGI is a framework comprising of performance under ten governance sectors having 58 indicators with 116 data points.  The criteria has been adopted after following a rigorous and robust process of data collection, screening and validation by each of the Districts.
      • India’s first “District Good Governance Index (DGGI)” was initiates with the UT of Jammu and Kashmir.
      • With the governance model successfully set up for UT of J&K, the framework will be replicated for many states and UTs.
    • National e-Governance Plan: 
      • It has the vision to “make all government services accessible to the common man in his locality, through common service delivery outlets and ensure efficiency, transparency & reliability of such services at affordable costs to realize the basic needs of the common man.
    • Right to Information Act, 2005: 
      • It plays an effective role in ensuring transparency in governance.
    • iGoTKarmayogi Portal:
      • Launch of Mobile Application of iGoTKarmayogi Portal by Karmayogi Bharat (SPV) will aim at creating professional, well-trained and future-ready civil service for India.
    • Revamped Probity Portal: 
      • It is launched for Government Employees will demand the right attitude towards public service with ‘integrity’ and ‘probity’.
    • Other Initiatives: 
      • E-Governance, Vigilance Awareness Week, Decentralization, JAM Trinity for Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT), PRAGATI Platform, SVAMITVA Scheme, Mission Karmayogi, etc

    Source: TH