Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)


    In News

    • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs(CCEA) chaired by the Prime Minister, has approved the implementation of PMKSY for 2021-26.

    About PMKSY

    • It was launched in 2015 and is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, providing central grants to the State Governments for specific activities (90:10 for NE states & 75:25 for rest).
    • The major objective of PMKSY is:
      • to achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level
      • expand cultivable area under assured irrigation
      • improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water 
      • enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water-saving technologies 
    • In 2020, the Ministry of Jal Shakti launched a mobile application for Geo-Tagging of the components of projects under PMKSY.
    • Components of PMKSY:
      • Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP):
        • It aims for financial support to irrigation projects. 
        • The inclusion criteria have been relaxed for projects under tribal and drought-prone areas.
      • Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP):
        • It aims for the enhancement of physical access on the farm and the expansion of cultivable areas under assured irrigation. 
        • Surface minor irrigation and repair-renovation-restoration of water bodies components are targeted to provide irrigation. 
        • For rejuvenation of water bodies, enhancement of central assistance from 25% to 60% in the general area. 
        • The GroundWater component of HKKP was approved provisionally for 2021-22.
        • It consists of four sub-components: 
          • Command Area Development (CAD), 
          • Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI), 
          • Repair, Renovation and Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies, and 
          • Ground Water Development. 
        • AIBP and HKKP are implemented by the Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
      • Watershed Development:
        • It is implemented by the Department of Land Resources
        • It focuses on the development of rainfed areas towards soil and water conservation, regeneration of groundwater, arresting runoff and promoting extension activities related to water harvesting and management. 
        • There is a specific provision for the development of spring sheds.
      • Per Drop More Crop(PDMC):
        • It is implemented by the Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.  
        • The dedicated Micro Irrigation Fund(MIF) is with NABARD under PMKSY.

    Source: IE