National Flag of India


    In News 

    • This year, the Prime Minister of India led the nation in recalling the monumental courage and efforts of all those who dreamt of a flag for free India when we were fighting colonial rule.

    National Flag of India

    • Dr Rajendra Prasad announced that the first item on the agenda was “a Motion by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru about the Flag”. 
    • It was adopted in its present form during the meeting of the Constituent Assembly held on 22 July 1947, a few days before India’s independence from the British on 15 August 1947
    • In India, the term “tricolour” refers to the Indian national flag.
    • Designed by: 
      • Pingali Venkayya.
    • Description :
      • The National flag of India is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (Kesari) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. 
      • The ratio of the width of the flag to its length is two to three
      • In the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel which represents the chakra
        • This Dharma Chakra depicted the “wheel of the law” in the Sarnath Lion Capital made by the 3rd-century BC Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. 
        • The chakra intends to show that there is life in movement and death in stagnation.
      • Its design is that of the wheel which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka
      • Its diameter approximates the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes.