First confirmed monkeypox case in India


    In News 

    India’s first confirmed monkeypox case has been reported in a 35-year-old male in Kerala, who reached the State capital three days ago from the UAE.


    • About: 
      • Monkeypox is a viral zoonotic disease that occurs primarily in tropical rainforest areas of Central and West Africa and is occasionally exported to other regions.
      • Monkeypox is caused by monkeypox virus, a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae.
    • Symptoms:
      •  Monkeypox typically has the following symptoms:
        • Fever
        • Rash and swollen lymph nodes
        • Headaches and nausea
    • Transmission:
      • Monkeypox virus is mostly transmitted to people from wild animals such as rodents and primates, but human-to-human transmission also occurs.
      • Monkeypox virus is transmitted from one person to another by contact with lesions, body fluids, respiratory droplets and contaminated materials such as bedding.
    • Outbreaks:
      • The first case of monkeypox was reported in 1958 in monkeys and in humans in 1970 in the western Africa.
      • Nigeria witnessed the biggest outbreak of the disease in 2017.
      • Thereafter, the disease has been reported in many countries including the USA, Singapore, UK.
    • How is it different from smallpox?
      • The main difference between symptoms of smallpox and monkeypox is that the latter causes lymph nodes to swell (lymphadenopathy) while smallpox does not.