Home Ministry develops e-Prosecution Module


    In News

    • To ensure timely disposal of criminal cases, the Ministry of Home Affairs’ (MHA) e-prosecution portal has added a new feature that will also fix accountability of government lawyers. 
      • The system will send alerts to senior officers whenever a public prosecutor seeks a stay in a criminal case more than twice.
      • The e-prosecution module is part of the Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS).

    Inter-Operable Criminal Justice System (ICJS)

    • About:
      • It is a national platform that helps in integrating the nation’s primary IT system for criminal justice delivery.
    • Five Pillars:
      • The ICJS project aims to connect the five pillars of the system which are:
        • police (through Criminal and Crime Tracking and Network Systems),
        • e-Forensics for forensic labs,
        • e-Courts for courts,
        • e-Prosecution for public prosecutors,
        • e-Prisons for prisons.
    • Implementing agency: 
      • National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) in collaboration with the National Informatics Centre (NIC) and it will be carried out in partnership with the union territories and the states.
    • Phases: 
      • In Phase-I of the ICJS project (2018-2022), individual IT systems have been implemented and stabilized; also search of records have been enabled on these systems.
      • Under Phase-II (2022-23 to 2025-26), the system is being built on the principle of ‘one data one entry’ whereby data is entered only once in one pillar and the same is then available in all other pillars without the need to re-enter the data in each pillar.
    • Significance:
      • This system connects more than 16,000 police stations across the country and has a database of 28.98 crore police records that can only be accessed by law enforcement agencies and the judiciary.
      • With the aid of the ICJS platform, the metadata of FIR and charge sheet can be accessed by all the High Courts and subordinate courts. Documents like FIR, case diary and charge sheet are uploaded by police in PDF format for utilization by the courts.


    About National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB)

    • It was set up in 1986 to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals under the ambit of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
    • It was established on the recommendations of the Tandon Committee to the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Taskforce (1985).
    •  The Bureau has also been entrusted to maintain the National Database of Sexual Offenders (NDSO) and share it with the States/UTs on a regular basis.
    • NCRB has also been designated as the Central Nodal Agency to manage technical and operational functions of the Online Cyber-Crime Reporting Portal
    • Crime in India” has been published by the NCRB since the year 1953.

    National Informatics Centre

    • It was established in 1976 and is located in New Delhi.
    • It is under the aegis of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
    • NIC provides network backbone and e-Governance support to the Central Government, State Governments and UT Administrations.

    For further reading on Criminal justice system, kindly visit


    Source: TH