Syllabus :GS 3/Species in news

    In News

    The Mithun bovine has been classified as a food animal by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India.

    About Mithun 

    • Scientific Name : Bos frontalis
    • It is a semi-domesticated bovine species and plays an important role in the socio economic and cultural fabric of the tribal population.
    • Habitat and Distribution : It prefers a cool climate and avoids bright sunlight.
      • The highest concentration of mithuns in the world is spread over the North Eastern (NE) region of India .
        • It is the state animal of Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland and is primarily reared for meat in community farms. 
      • It is also found in parts of Southeast Asia viz. Bangladesh, Myanmar and Bhutan
    • India has a mithun population of around 390,000, according to the 2019 livestock census.