Cholera

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    • Recently, several countries across the world have reported a surge in cholera cases this year raising concerns about a global resurgence of the disease. 
      • These include Kenya, Malawi, Haiti and the Philippines.

    Cholera

    • About:
      • Cholera is a bacterial disease usually spread through contaminated water. It causes severe diarrhea and dehydration.
    • Symptoms:
      • Severe watery diarrhea accompanied by vomiting which can quickly lead to dehydration.
    • Spread:
      • The risk of a cholera epidemic is highest when poverty, war or natural disasters force people to live in crowded conditions without adequate sanitation.
    • Prevalence:
      • Modern sewage and water treatment have virtually eliminated cholera in industrialized countries. But cholera still exists in Africa, Southeast Asia and Haiti.
    • Prevention and control:
      • A multifaceted approach is key to control cholera, and to reduce deaths. A combination of surveillance, water, sanitation and hygiene, social mobilization, treatment, and oral cholera vaccines are used.

    Source: DTE